However, artificial cranial deformation is a common trait seen among remains belonging to the Sarmatian culture, who once inhabited modern-day Crimea.
They would bind wooden planks to infant skulls with a cloth to gradually alter the shape.
Shortly after the court issued its ruling, the Russian Culture Ministry said the decision "violates the principles of international exchanges between museums and the right of the people of the Crimea to have access to their own cultural heritage." The ministry called the ruling an "extremely negative precedent" and said it contradicted "the norms of international law on the protection of cultural values." 'Pure Theft' Russian Culture Minister Vladimir Medinsky had said earlier that a decision in favor of Kyiv would be "pure theft." Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko welcomed the ruling in a post on his Facebook page.
"The decision by the district court in Amsterdam means that not only the Scythian gold is Ukrainian.
Kyiv had argued that the country of origin is Ukraine, not Russia.
The treasures, popularly known as Scythian gold, are in the Netherlands because they were borrowed from the four museums in Crimea and one in Kyiv for an exhibition in early 2014 at Amsterdam's Allard Pierson Museum.